My wife and I finally decided we are going to grow heirloom apples for various reasons. So, I know the typical apple guild of / can be mints, comfrey, currants, artichoke, fennel; there is more (most likely) but I have been thinking of more local berries / or a local guild to attract more local insect predators, etc. In my research of the following plants: Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) Crab Apple (Malus Fusca) Crowberry (Empetrum nigrum) Indian Plum (Oemlaria cerasiformis) Salal (Gaultheria shallon) Thimbleberry (Rubus Parviflorus) Black Huckleberry (Vaccium membranaceum) I have been drawing a guild design based on those plants to go inbetween every other apple guild on the property. However I started thinking about this article, and at that point I started trying to research online the ecology of that area where the original apples came from. I want to increase the population and awareness of the other flavors of the local foods, but I can't help but think that on some level it would be important to make a guild based on local ecology of the original apples. I am not going so far as to say I want to replicate that part of Russia here in the U.S. What I am saying is I think it is important to mimic it, but I can't do it without knowledge. Anyone have that knowledge or an opinion on this endeavor?